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LINKS

www.transportmyths.co.uk

 

www.railconversion.co.uk

 

www.no-square-deal.uk

 

www.railways-reality.uk

 

www.rail-closures.co.uk

 

 

abnormal road loads  12

accidents 8, 10-II, 10-III, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16

 

causes 7, 10-III, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16

 

Costs 8, 9, 17, 8, 10-II, 120, 10-III, 12, 15

 

prevention 4, 7, 8, 10-II, 10-III, 12

 

railway 10-II, 12

 

Scale of  8, 11, 12,

 

would fall 5, 7, 12, 16

 

would rise  4, 10, 10-II, 11, 12, 14

Air brush out 7, 16

all-weather roads  5, 6, 13

American experience 7, 10-ii, 11, 12, 15, 16

assumptions 7, 8, 10, 10-ii, 10-iii, 11, 12,

axle loads 11, 12

 

 

 

BR

 

as Highway Authority 4, 5

 

as road transport operator  4, 5

 

British Transport Loan Stock 7

 

Fares trail RPI  3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10-II, 14

 

modernisation blocked 2, 5, 6

 

Modernisation Plan 4, 5, 7

 

modern methods 14

 

monopoly 8

 

ownership of assets 2, 7, 12

 

 

reversion rights 7, 10, 10-II

BRF 4, 8, 9, 11, 14

Beeching  2, 3, 5, 6, 12

breakdowns 4,5,6,7,8,10,10-II,10-III,11,12,16

 

bus passengers push clear 8

bridges

 

bashing 8, 10-II, 12

 

clearance 4,5,6,7,8,10,10-II 12,14,15,16

 

costs 6, 7, 8, 10, 10-II, 11, 12, 14

 

new  4, 5, 7, 8, 11, 13,

 

number 4, 5, 6, 9, 10-III, 12

 

rebuild 2,4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10-II, 10-III, 12, 16

 

replace by level crossing 7, 10, 10-III,

 

swing 4, 10, 12

Buses

 

100% full 3, 4, 5, 10, 10-III, 12

 

articulated 10-II, 10-III

 

 

 

 

 

Car preferred  8, 10-III, 11, 12, 14

 

cars restricted on bus routes 10-III, 14

 

Conditions 4, 12

 

design & sizes 3, 4, 6, 10

 

 

like airliners 5

 

door to door myth 7, 8, 10-II,  .

 

fares 3, 7, 8, 10-II, 10-III, 12

 

 

above rail 10, 10-II, 10-III

 

 

Two-thirds cut claimed 9,10-II, 10-III

 

fleet (see “fleet size”)

 

 

not railbound 5

 

 

restrict to new roads 4, 5

 

performance 10-II, 12

 

split shifts 10-II, 10-III

 

traffic declining  7, 10-II, 12, 16

 

trailers as slip coaches 4, 5

 

uneconomic – MPs say 6

busways 8, 19, 10-II

 

guided 16

canals  1, 7, 8

car journeys - short distance 7, 11,

cess  4, 7, 10-III, 11

Channel Tunnel 7

 

Churchill  2, 8, 9

Civic Trust  7

closures of railways 13, 16

 

length of .4, 8, 13

 

Objectors 6, 10, 14

 

 

oppose staff cuts 6

 

re-opened   6, 13

 

 

preserved  13

 

reversion rights  7, 10, 10-II, 13,

coal traffic 3, 5, 8, 10-III

 

exports . 3, 4, 8

 

peaks 5

coastwise shipping  2, 8

collieries  4, 5, 8

Colwyn   2

common carrier 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

commuters   3, 5, 7, 10-II, 10-III

 

standing  10-II,

 

walk to station  3, 9, 11, 12

complaints  2, 3, 9, 11, 12

consultants  7, 9, 11, 12, 16

“conversion” 

 

bridge problems 13

 

Car preferred  15, 16

 

chances missed  6

 

changeover  5, 7, 8, 10, 10-III

 

cost   4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10-II, 10-III

 

 

not cheaper 13

 

 

prohibitive  12, 13

 

definitions  3, 6, 7, 11, 13

 

disabled   10-III, 11

 

Drainage  4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 10-II, 10-III, 13

 

excavation   5, 10, 10-II, 10-III, 16

 

formation compacted 5, 10, 10-III

 

lane width 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 16

 

maybe list  7, 13

 

miles     6, 7, 11, 13, 15

 

Not backed by operators 4, 14

 

not compacted 7, 10, 10-II, 10-III, 13

 

property acquisition7,8,9,10-II,10-III,13, 14

 

short lengths 7, 8, 11, 13

 

system management 4, 5, 7, 12

 

tactics 4, 5, 8, 10, 10-III

 

Unsuitable  8

 

verges unnecessary  10-II, 11

 

widened 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 15

 

will take 50% off existing roads 8

convert to other use  7, 10-II, 11

Conversion League/Conversion Campaign

 

1970 Report 7, 13, 16

 

 

forecast wrong 13

 

1979 campaign 8

     Membership  11

Countryside Commission 7, 10-II, 13

 

analysis of use of closed lines 13

court of law  2, 4, 7, 13

cubic capacity  4, 5, 12

cyclists  8, 11, 13

 

fatalities  7, 11, 12

 

 

 

DoE: “rail cheaper than road” 16

DoT road standards 3, 4, 9, 10, 12

 

Compared to rail 12, 13, 14, 15

deficits 2, 3, 6, 7, 8

Depopulation  6, 7

depreciation  4, 5, 7

drivers’ hours 5, 7, 10-II, 10-III, 12, 14, 16

 

 

 

EC Directives/Regulations 12,

Excess Profits Tax 3, 9   

East Anglian scheme 10, 10-II, 10-III

 

abandon formation 10, 10-III

 

bridges 10, 10-II, 10-III

 

 

not measured 10

 

 

Rebuild 10, 10-III

 

bus terminal 10, 10-II, 10-III

 

bus fleet 10,10-III

 

Bus safer than train? 10, 10-III

 

changeover 10, 10-III

 

costs 10, 10-II, 10-III

 

 

Funded by motorists 10, 10-III

 

drawings 10, 10-II, 10-III

 

existing traffic to new roads 10, 10-III

 

fares 10, 10-II, 10-III

 

 

sealed box 10, 10-III

 

fares & costs summary 10-III

 

flaws 10-III

 

lighting  10-II, 11

 

loading times

 

lorry fleet 10, 10-III

 

manpower 10, 10-II, 10-III

 

new level crossings 10, 10-III

 

newly generated traffic

 

no service 10-III

 

property acquisition 10, 10-II, 10-III 11

 

rail traffic onto A12:  10, 10-III

 

safety 10, 10-II, 10-III

 

“time benefit” 10, 10-II, 10-III

 

 

disbenefits  10, 10-II, 10-III

 

unprofitable 10-II, 10-III

 

Emergency services 7, 9, 10-II, 16

energy 11, 12, 16

environment  7, 10, 10-II, 11, 12, 15, 16

European practice 10-II, 11, 15, 16

experts demolish conversion  4

 

farm traffic .4, 5, 6, 8, 10-II, 10-III, 11, 16

fatalities 5, 8, 10, 10-II, 11, 12, 15, 16

fences 3, 7, 9, 12, 15

fleet size 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 10-III

floods 11

flyovers  4, 5, 10-II, 10-III

fog 8, 10-II, 11, 15

freightliner 14, 16

fuel   5, 10, 10-II, 11, 12, 15, 16

 

 

 

Government

 

favour road transport  2, 5

 

interference 2,

 

loans 5, 7, 10-II

 

 

 

HMRI  2, 4, 7, 8, 10, 10-III, 11

headway  5, 7, 11, 14

historic structures 10, 12

horse traffic  3, 7, 12, 13, 16

 

imports  3, 12, 15, 16

industrial decline  3, 7, 14

industrial fraud    2

industrial holidays  3, 5

inflation 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10-II, 11, 12

Institution of Civil Engrs 4,5,7,10,10-II, 11.12

Inverness - Wick  5, 6, 7

 

cost estimates  6, 7

 

Tory MoT rejects closure 6

investment 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 12

 

junctions 4, 10, 10-II, 10-III, 11, 12, 14, 14, 16

just in time myth 11, 12

 

land use: rail v road  7, 10-II, 12,

lay-bys 7, 8, 12, 16

level crossing  4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 10-II, 11, 12, 16

 

number of   4

 

new proposed  10, 10-III

lighting of roads 3, 10-II, 11, 12

Lloyd  

 

changeover plan 4

 

costs 4, 5

 

fleet size  3, 4, 5,

 

 

vehicles 100% load  3, 4, 5

 

hire cars  4, 5

 

radar on buses & lorries 4,  

 

round the clock 4, 5

 

Speeds 3, 4, 5,  

 

vehicle sizes 4, 5,

 

 

63 ft long (in 1955) 4, 5 .

 

M&GN 6, 7

MGR  4, 8

MoT decries conversion  7, 12

MPs misinformed  2, 9

manpower compared 5, 10-II, 12, 15

Marples  2, 6, 7, 15

mechanical handling 4, 5

Mersey Tunnel  3, 4, 16

motor patrols 7

motor roads 7, 8, 11, 12, 13

 

 

definition 7,

 

Blackpool 8

 

Heads of the Valleys 8, 10, 10-III, 12

 

Southport7, 10-II, 15, 16

motorway costs 7, 11, 12

 

 

 

NBC 7,10-III, 12

NFC 10

NHS  7, 8, 9, 10-II, 15, 16

nationalisation 2, 7, 9

New York  10-II, 11, 12, 15

noise  8, 12

 

Oban 16

oil supply 12, 15, 16

overloading 2, 12

overtaking 3, 4, 5, 8, 12, 16

ownership of railway (see “BR - ownership”)

 

 

 

Parking 4, 7, 8, 16

peaks – rail 

 

freight 5

 

Passenger  4, 5, 8, 10, 10-III, 11, 8, 1

peaks - road 4, 10-III, 11      

pedestrians 5,6,7,8,9,10,10-II, 10-III, 11,12, 15

 

 

Fatalities 8, 11, 13

Pennsylvania turnpike 11

policing  3, 7

pollution  9, 12, 12, 16

ports 4, 5, 6, 7

 

all-weather 8, 11, 15

private owner wagons 7, 11

private sidings R5, 10-II, 11

productivity  5, 10-II, 14

propaganda  7, 8, 11, 12

property sales 8, 10, 10-II

 

reversion rights 7, 10, 10-II, 13

 

 

 

quarries 4, 5, 10

 

RAC   10-II, 11, 14, 16

RHA 12

Railfuture -11

railway (see also “closures”)

 

8 hour day  2, 5, 12

 

Capital  2, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13

 

not free to compete  2, 3, 6

 

lobby 8, 11

 

not straight  4, 10-II, 11, 14

 

route miles by type 12

 

traffic - 85% does not use roads 10-II

 

transfer from road 16

 

utilisation 8, 12

reasonable drivers 5

re-training 4, 10-II, 10-III

returned empties ..2, 3, 5

right turns 5, 7, 8, 10, 1F0-II, 10-III, 11

road haulage

 

100% loads 5

 

drivers’ hours 2, 5, 7, 12, 14

 

 

drivers tired  11, 12

 

favoured  2, 6

 

HGV underload or empty 12

 

HGV in towns  7, 8, 16

 

HGV underpay (see “subsidy to ...” )

 

malpractice 2, 12

 

safety   10-II, 12

 

security 2, 7, 12, 16

 

super-juggernaut 10, 16

 

unfair competition -2, 6, 7

 

Utilisation 12, 14

road traffic

 

data unreliable  11

 

lobby 7, 8, 9, 12, 16

 

newly generated   10, 10-II, 10-III

 

restricted to a route 4, 5, 10

 

short distance 7, 8, 11,

 

speeds 5, 6, 12 14

roads

 

accidents 12, 15

 

all-weather 5, 6, 13

 

lanes too wide 3, 12, 16

 

mismanaged 11, 12

 

system management 4, 5, 7, 11

 

utilisation  7, 8, 12, 16

 

 

flawed data  11

 

wear by HGVs   12,

Robertson D. [MP]   5, 6, 15

 

1954 advocates conversion 6

 

1959 changes tune  6

 

new bus services would lose money 6

Runcorn busway 10-II, 11

 

SMMT  10-III, 15

safety 5, 7, 8, 10-II, 10-III, 11, 12, 15, 16

snow 11, 12

speculation  5, 7, 12, 16

Square Deal  2

Stedeford  2, 6,

subsidy to

 

Buses 7, 8, 10, 10-III, 11, 16

 

hauliers  7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 15

 

hauliers admit 12

 

 

DoT confirm  12

 

hidden .7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 15

 

industry 2, 6, 9, 14,  15

 

railways 7, 10, 10-II, 12, 15

 

 

advocated 6

 

 

none from 1830 to 1969 – 6, 10-II

suicides 7, 11, 12

Sundries 3, 5

 

 

 

TUCC 6,

taxes   9, 15

 

Buses 8, 9  

 

HGV   8, 12,  15

 

motorists 7, 15

 

unique to railways 9

 

VAT  15

timetable – none 3, 4, 6, 10, 10-III

toll roads 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 10-III, 15

tourism 6

Transport Tribunal (see “court of law”)

traffic share  5, 7, 8, 10-II, 11

 

road data unreliable 11

transfer stations 4, 5, 11, 12

trespassers 5, 7, 8, 11,

 

prevention  7

tunnels 4, 5, 7, 10-II, 12, 13, 15, 16

 

lengths 4

turnpikes  1, 12

Tyre bursts 7, 13

 

 

 

utilisation: roads , 9, 16v rail 7,8 8, 12, 16

utilisation of road transport   5, 12

 

 

 

verges  

 

damaged  8, 16

 

DoT standard 4, 7

 

needed 8, 13,

 

not needed  3, 7, 8, 10-II, 11

 

 

conversions have them  7

 

will require new land 7

viaducts 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 13

vibration 7, 8

Victoria Coach Station 10, 10-III, 11

villages  8

 

 

 

wagon detention  4, 5

 

internal user   5

war  2

 

government overcharge for assets  2

 

government seize rail profits 2, 5, 7, 9

 

road haulage profits from  2

Waterloo 33, 10, 11

weather problems 4, 5, 6,7, 10-III, 11, 12, 15

widths compared 4, 7, 11, 12, 13

 

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